Enhanced landfill mining 

Enhanced landfill mining (ELFM) is the process of excavating landfill sites to recover resources to produce new materials and energy in line with the circular economy.


Landfills are often filled with waste products which can now be recycled (for example, plastics and paper) due to legislation changes. Therefore, landfill sites are an untapped resources for valuable materials.



 The lesson plans below contain activities and fact sheets to guide learning 

Lesson plan 1:

introduces ELFM and waste valorisation opportunities



Lesson plan 2:

Remo Landfill case study

Did you know?


Landfills release toxic greenhouse gases and leachate  


In Europe, there is estimated to be 


landfill sites






of municipal solid waste ends up in landfill worldwide each year